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North Scandinavian Forward

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Old November 8th 10, 10:10 AM posted to rec.aviation.marketplace
Giuelith Diamond
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Posts: 4
Default North Scandinavian Forward

Worldwide Shipment Solution Int. +46 (0) 705474830 - Website:

Giuen NSF - The way forward

Giuen NSF has been a leading road transport company for more than ten
years, providing shipment to Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark from
anywhere in Europe, and other countries around the World. Our NSF
logistics company works to provide the best and most cost effective
shipping solutions. Our main headquarters are in the United Kingdom
and we also have satellite offices in Russia and Sweden.

We are specialized in road transports

Logistics has been proved to be an important arrangement of successful
management, particularly within the fields of procurement, production
and distribution. Giuen NSF transport coordination division that is
responsible for our spedition and logistics services is in a very
expansive stage for our customers and our cooperation partners demand
for our services. Our logistics will meet up to approach connections
for you and overcome the distances.

Exports are key to the economic survival of a nation

Giuen NSF focuses on the policies as it state in 2002 council
controlled organization policy for fair and sustainable participation
on public issues and arrangements. The advisory council is appointed
by the Board of Directors to advise the Board and to support the work
of the organization.

Confronting the responsibilities and guideline related issues today

Giuen NSF is been found in transportation services to best serve the
needs of the nation. Giuen NSF experts also stress the importance of
maintaining a long-term working relationship with private partners.
They recognize that contract closing is not the end of the
relationship, but the beginning of a partnership that will include
both large and small contract renegotiations.

Giuen NSF public-private partnerships

The authors next provide a sense of how transport PPP contracts work
by describing several standard types. This list is incomplete, but
serves to illustrate the inherent flexibility of the PPP contracting
approach. Roughly speaking, moving from the least amount of private
responsibility to the greatest, some common contractual categories
include the following seven:8 Design-bid-build (DBB) was the
traditional contractual approach used to construct


many public works in the United States in the twentieth century. Under
a DBB contract the public sector engages engineers and architects to
design a facility to meet certain specifications. It then accepts bids
from pre-certified construction firms to build the facility. Notably,
the design and construction firms in a DBB contract are separately
responsible for each of those project stages. The government is
responsible for financing the project and assumes all risks associated
with its ownership and operation. The facility remains under
government management for its entire design life. Private financing
and risk assumption are minimal in a DBB contract. A design-build (DB)
contract is a straightforward extension of a DBB contract. Under


a DB approach, a single private partner designs and constructs a
facility, in contrast to the separation of those responsibilities in a
DBB contract. A DB contract has the advantage of capturing any
economies of information, knowledge, and skill between a facility’s
design and its construction. Like DBB contracts, DB contracts usually
do not involve private financing, but private parties do assume
additional risk through the design and construction process. The
design-build-operate-maintain (DBOM) approach allows parties to
benefit from


additional process integration relative to a DB contract. Under a DBOM
arrangement, the private partner is responsible for the design,
construction, operation, and maintenance of a facility for a specific
time period. Operation and maintenance functions are therefore added
to the private partner’s responsibilities relative to a DB contract.
Payment after project completion is conditional on meeting certain
performance standards, such as physical condition, traffic congestion,
ride quality, and capacity. A DBOM contract allows the private partner
to utilize its detailed knowledge of a particular facility’s design
and construction to develop a maintenance and operating plan specific
to that facility. By assigning responsibility to the private partner
for project quality and performance throughout its entire lifecycle,
this approach also gives the contract team incentive to provide the
best possible plan and project. If, for example, heavy vehicles are
going to use a highway, then a private firm that builds and then
maintains the facility will use more durable pavement.9 The government
typically retains ownership and is responsible for financing the
project under a DBOM contract. Long-term lease (LTL) agreements allow
the competitively chosen private partner to


lease an existing toll facility for an extended time period through a
bidding process. The contract details the responsibilities of the
private partner regarding maintenance, operation, improvement, and
expansion of the facility in return for the right to the facility’s
toll revenue. The private partner typically pays an upfront concession
fee, although other approaches, such as revenue sharing or annual
lease payments, are possible. Ownership again remains with the
government, but private investors usually assume risks—such as revenue
risk from changes in traffic flow, as well as risks associated with
changes in operation, maintenance, and renovation costs. In the United
States, the Indiana Toll Road and the Chicago Skyway concession
agreements are examples of long-term leases. A design-build-finance-
operate (DBFO) contract is an extension of the DBOM approach


in that the private partner assumes at least some added responsibility
for financing the project and the risks associated with that financing—
that is, the private partner becomes responsible for the design,
construction, financing, operation, maintenance, improvement, and
expansion of a new facility. The partner is granted the right to
actual toll revenue (or shadow toll payments) for a specified time
period in exchange for fulfilling those responsibilities. Although
DBFO contracts vary according to the degree of private financing
involved, part of the financing is usually accomplished through debt
that leverages streams of toll revenue. A DBFO contract may be awarded
for the upgrading or expansion of an existing facility if the
necessary renovations are significant. In many cases, operational
responsibility reverts to the government after a period of time. This
appears to be a popular approach internationally. Under a build-
operate-transfer/build-transfer-operate (BOT/BTO) contracting


approach, the private partner designs, constructs, finances, and
operates the facility as under a DBFO contract. The private partner
owns the facility, however, until the end of the construction period
or the contract term. Ownership reverts to the public-sector sponsor
at the end of the agreed-upon period. In Australia, for example,
facilities have often been built and operated under a build-own-
operate-transfer (BOOT) approach. A build-own-operate (BOO) contract
engages the competitively chosen private partner


in a broad range of responsibilities, including the design, financing,
construction, ownership, maintenance, and operation of a
transportation facility. Because the private partner actually owns the
facility, it assumes all risks associated with the facility’s
ownership and operation. Although there is typically no provision for
transferring facility ownership to the government, the terms of the
concession may be renegotiated, or the government may purchase the
facility. An additional noteworthy PPP distinction is between real
toll, shadow toll, and availability payments arrangements. Real toll
arrangements involve charging drivers directly for road use. The
motorist actually pays the toll. Shadow tolls differ in that the
motorist does not pay a toll directly. Payments are instead made by
the public sector to a private road operator based partly on the
number of vehicles using the road. Availability payments are similar
to shadow tolls in that the private partner does not receive toll
revenue directly. The public partner’s payment is here not based on
traffic volume, but rather on the basis of other dimensions of service
quality, including such factors as safety, congestion, minimum
performance criteria, and lane availability (hence the name).10
Depending on the details of their structure, such non-toll
arrangements allow public and private partners to share traffic (or
demand) risk. They also allow performance-based PPPs to be used on un-
tolled roads. This means that, even if political or other
considerations prevent tolling, a PPP may still be used. Each type of
arrangement carries its own set of costs and benefits, and provides
public sponsors with additional policy choices.

Giuen NSF public-private partnerships source of information: Mineta
Transportation Institute (Research).

A variety of methods can be used to collect transportation pricing

Giuen NSF logistics is been provide an basic gound pricing list as

Basic Ground Pricing 2010/11

Reg. REF 351 Volvo FH12 2000 3-axis tarps flatbed truck with 40.65
cubic and 14.9 tons capacity. (Box Truck). SEK 690 kr / h.

Combined pricing 2010/11

Reg. REF 351Volvo FH12 2000 3-axis tarps flatbed truck with 40.65
cubic and 14.9 tons capacity. (Box Truck). SEK 498 kr / h. + SEK 68
kr / driven mile. (/10 km).

Reg. FHB 045 Volvo FL614 1995 2-axis distribution box truck with 8
tons capacity. SEK 551 kr / h. (Box Truck)

Invoice Period: 15 days.

Further information & helpdesk: +46 (0) 705474830

More web resources:

International Air Transport Association (IATA)


International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF)


Department for Transport (DfT) UK


Highways Agency


FTA Online | Freight Transport Association


Environmental Transport Association


Transport Scotland


Civil Aviation Authority


Department for Regional Development


TRL - Independent Transport Research, Consultancy & Testing


Global Maritime Transportation Agency


TIA (Truckers International Association)


Industrial Truck Association (ITA)


EUROMINES - European Association of Mining Industries


MICA - Mineral Industry Consultants Association


International Mining & Minerals Association


World Steel Association


Business News


Export & Import


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